The RUBICON project is a CATI survey of a rolling format: every day we survey the same sample size (N = 200), representative to gender, age, town and region of residence of Ukraine. In this way, we accumulate a total array of data, consisting of effective daily arrays. This allows not only get up-to-date data, but also to track dynamics daily or over a period of time (which is especially actual in non-standard conditions of social development, which is exactly what is now observed in Ukraine).
Thus, we came out a weekly sample of 1400 respondents and in this report analyzes the results of the first wave of the survey (first week) in several directions. So, for your attention, the results of the work March 28 – April 3, 2020 with a sample of 1400 respondents. The expected average sampling error at a confidence probability of 0.95 ±3,5%. Further, with more sample accumulation, we will update these results.
- At this stage, the vast majority of Ukrainians are closely monitoring developments related to the threat of the coronavirus epidemic in Ukraine (95% of respondents), as well as the introduction of quarantine measures nationwide (96%). In general, quarantine measures are considered as necessity by Ukrainians (88%).
- Today, about three among every four Ukrainians (78%) are afraid that they or their loved ones may contract the coronavirus. Most often, such fears occur in women, as well as in people aged 50 and older. To prevent the disease, a large proportion of the population adheres to such precautions as frequent hand washing (80%), wearing a mask (78%), do not leave home unnecessarily (75%), less frequent grocery shopping (60%) and several others . In the next 5 days, about a quarter of adult Ukrainians are not going to leave the house at all, and others are ready to do so for any good reason, including the most often – replenishing supplies (49%), going to work (24%) or going to the pharmacy ( 11%).
- Most people in the country are aware of certain symptoms of coronavirus. The most common symptoms are fever (91%), dry cough (75%), shortness of breath (43%), sore throat (29%), and body aches (22%). When such symptoms occur in themselves or in one of their loved ones, Ukrainians tend to call a doctor (66%). They are less likely to call an ambulance (36%), isolate themselves (28%), and invite a doctor home (17%).
- Since the country’s quarantine, caused by the threat of the coronavirus epidemic, 90% of Ukrainians have had some problems related to this situation. Most often, such problems include concern for the health of nearest (30%) and financial difficulties associated with the loss of sources of income (30%). Among the problems mentioned less frequently are the fear of contracting the coronavirus (17%), anxiety due to the uncertainty of the current situation (15%), the difficulty of self-isolation (15%), the shortage of some goods (14%) and others.
- The majority of Ukrainians (68% of those polled) switched to quarantine without having previously stocked up. The same of our compatriots who managed to make them, most often bought groceries (28% of respondents), and less often – meat and meat products (8%), fresh vegetables and fruits (6%), medicines and vitamins (3 %), dairy products and eggs (3%), as well as other groceries and household goods. According to the estimates of the majority of stocked essentials (56% of the size of this group), the inventories made will be enough for no more than 2 weeks.
- In the last week, about 2/3 of Ukrainians (66%) have not experienced a shortage of any goods. Those of our compatriots most often associated it with a lack of masks and respirators (15%), disinfectants (11%), medicines and vitamins (7%), groceries (5%) and a number of other goods.
- The transition to quarantine has put a considerable part of the country’s population in a difficult financial situation. The fact is that almost 40% of Ukrainians do not have any savings that would allow them to survive this period, and about another third (32%) of savings may not last more than 1 month of living in the current conditions. At the same time, it is estimated that the average Ukrainian family needs 277 uah. per day of food and 8826 uah. to live a month.
- According to the majority of respondents (60%), in the next 3 months the financial situation of their families, to a greater or lesser extent, will get worse.
- At present, Ukrainians are experiencing a contradictory range of feelings. Anxiety (38%), fear (20%), disappointment (16%), and confusion (13%), from the one side, as well as hope (32%), optimism (22%) and confidence (5%).
- In quarantine, Ukrainians often devote their free time to housekeeping (66%), communication with family (36%), watching movies, TV series (33%), news (32%), TV (29%), reading news, articles (27%). At the same time only 13% of respondents work remotely.
- Having quarantined, our compatriots are quite active in consuming information. In these circumstances, the main sources of information for them are the central channels of Ukrainian TV (66%), Ukrainian Internet media (54%) and social networks, blogs and forums (40%), as well as relatives, friends and acquaintances (26%).
- Today, the opinions of Ukrainians about their life after quarantine are markedly different. Thus, 43% of them think that their life after quarantine will more or less change, and 42% hold the opposite view (that is, everything will be about the same as before).
- Watching the current situation in the country, the majority of adults (57%) are inclined to, that within the next 3 months, it will be (more or less) get worse. The opposite point of view to this question hold 22% of respondents.
- In the current conditions, the attitude of the population to the current authorities is most often characterized by two opposite feelings – distrust (34%) and support (34%). Today’s attitude to the actions of the authorities for prevention the coronavirus epidemic is quite ambiguous: 50% of the population consider them more or less inadequate, and 42% – adequate.
- The prevalence of positive assessments over negative is observed in the assessments of Ukrainians regarding the activity of the first officials of the state. When evaluating the activities of President V. Zelensky, the ratio of these estimates is 59% / 30%; when assessing Prime Minister D. Shmigal – 26% / 20%, and in the estimates of Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine D. Razumkov – 37% / 23%. And quite different is the ratio of positive and negative evaluations of such famous politicians as A. Avakov (19% / 37%), Y. Tymoshenko (17% / 48%) and P. Poroshenko (14% / 57%).
- As for medical workers, today the attitude towards them by the Ukrainians is mainly determined by two feelings – support (43%) and respect (32%). But the attitude to the readiness of the national health care system to cope with the epidemic is quite ambiguous: 44% think that it will cope with this task, while 46% hold the opposite opinion.
- Currently, the opinions of Ukrainians about uniting or separating people by coronavirus are quite clearly divided: about half of the population (49%) believe that it is generally conducive to unification, while 36% hold the opposite view.